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Configuring VMware Workstation Pro on Windows (and Linux)

Even if you are already running Windows as your operating system, it is highly recommended to make the initial effort needed to set up another Windows within a virtual machine, configured specifically for accessibility testing. This keeps your own system clean and makes accessibility testing much more comfortable.

VMware Workstation Pro logo

Windows vs. Linux

While the following instructions are written specifically for the Windows version of VMware Workstation Pro, they should be applicable in a similar way to the Linux version.

Preparing the virtual machine

Before you proceed, be sure you have downloaded a pre-configured VM like described here: Getting a free Windows virtual machine from Modern.IE.

Then extract the VM to a proper location, for example C:\Virtual Machines\Accessibility Testing.

Installing VMware Workstation Pro

Notice: we recommend using VMware Workstation Pro in our guide. But there is also VMware Workstation Player: it is cheaper, but has limited functionality, for example it's missing the snapshots feature (see below).

After downloading VMware Workstation Pro, installing and launching it:

  • Click Open a virtual machine, select the *.ovf file in the extracted folder, and confirm.
  • Take a snapshot (Ctrl + Shift + S).
    • This allows to easily go back to that state later, meaning you can re-activate the VM's Windows 90 days license again and again.
    • For more info, see Understanding snapshots (VMware).
  • Click Edit virtual machine settings.
    • Go to Processors & Memory, then select at least 2000MB of memory.
    • To be able to connect to the internet, at the bottom of the Hardware tab, click Add.
      • From the Hardware types list, choose Network Adapter, then click Next.
      • Select NAT: Used to share the host's IP address, click Finish, then OK.

Booting up the VM for the first time

Start the VM. User and password can be found here: Getting a free Windows virtual machine from Modern.IE.

Improving seamless integration

Emulating the Insert key

Windows screen readers rely heavily on the Insert key.

Insert key on a keyboard

This key is not easily available on some keyboards, so you may have to emulate it. The easiest way to do this is using the SharpKeys software.

  • SharpKeys translates any given key to any other (in the VM itself).
  • In the VM, download SharpKeys, install and launch it.
  • Click Add, then map any key you like (for example the right Alt key E0_38) to Insert key E0_52.
  • Click OK and Write to Registry.
  • Restart the VM.

Working seamlessly with the VM

We recommend you to play around with "Single Window" and "Unity" modes to find out what fits you best.