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Hiding elements from all devices

To hide an element from all devices means just that: no single device will perceive it anymore (although the element still is present in the DOM). This can be achieved using either an HTML attribute or CSS attributes.

Elements can be hidden completely from all devices (including screen readers).

Using hidden attribute

In HTML 5, the hidden attribute was introduced. It can be set on an element directly and makes it completely invisible to any device.

Hiding elements from all devices using hidden attributePreview

Cross browser compatibility

To make the hidden attribute work in older browsers, simply do:

[hidden] {
   display: none;

Using CSS properties

Setting display: none to an element has the same effect like the hidden attribute:

Hiding elements from all devices using display nonePreview

The same applies for visibility: hidden:

Hiding elements from all devices using visibility hiddenPreview

Which one to use?

We strongly suggest using the HTML attribute hidden, as it separates content clearly from presentation. Notice: hiding an element from all channels is a question of content, not of visual presentation.

In addition, it makes obvious in the DOM already what elements are hidden, so it leads to better readable and maintainable code.

Note about ARIA references

Elements hidden with the techniques shown on this page can still provide content when being referenced using aria-labelledby or aria-describedby. More information here: Labelling elements using aria-label and aria-labelledby.